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words and definitions for the lexicon
Click one of the letters above to advance the page to terms beginning with that letter.

A

Acute Moist Dermatitis search for term

Synonyms: Hot Spot, Summer Sore

Hot spots are red skin lesions that often occur along with hair loss and secondary bacterial infections.

Addison's Disease search for term

Synonyms: Hypoadrenocorticism

Addison's disease is a reduced production of cortisol from a malfunction or tumor in the adrenal or pituitary glands.

Anal Sacculitis search for term

Synonyms: Anal Sac Infection, Anal Sac Impaction, Anal Sac Disease

Your pet's anal sacs are small openings on either side of the anus that discharge fluid when your pet has a bowel movement. If they do not empty upon defecation, the fluid can dry up and become impacted or unable to discharge and can lead to infection.

Antral Pyloric Hypertrophy Syndrome search for term

Synonyms: Pyloric Stenosis

Narrowing of the pyloric canal or stomach opening to the small intestine.

Arthritis search for term

Arthritis is a condition that describes chronic inflammation of the joints, and can be degenerative or caused by a malfunction in the immune system.

Asthma search for term

Asthma is a condition in which the airways narrow, swell, and produce extra mucus, making breathing difficult and triggering coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath.

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C

Canine Coronavirus search for term

Synonyms: Corona

Canine coronavirus is a highly contagious viral intestinal disease in dogs that leads to vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration.

Canine Distemper search for term

Synonyms: Distemper

Distemper is a viral disease that causes fever and severe coughing in dogs. There is a vaccine to prevent against the disease.

Canine Herpesvirus Infection search for term

Synonyms: CHV

Canine herpesvirus is a viral infection that causes severe bloodloss and is a leading cause of puppy deaths, especially in puppies one to three weeks of age.

Canine Parvovirus search for term

Synonyms: Parvo

Canine parvovirus is a highly contagious viral disease that attacks the cells of a dog's intestines and can be life-threatening. There is a vaccine to prevent against the disease.

Cardiomyophathy search for term

Synonyms: Heart Muscle Disease

Cardiomyopathy is deteriortion of the heart muscle that often causes abnormal heart rhythms.

Cataract search for term

A cataract is the discrete clouding of the normally clear lens of the eye, leading to a decrease in vision.

Chronic Gastritis search for term

Synonyms: Sensitive Stomach

A sensitive stomach is often diagnosed as chronic gastritis, which is a chronic irritation of the stomach lining.

Chronic Inflammatory Bowel Disease search for term

Inflammatory bowel disease is an abnormal/Increased intestinal immune response causing severe inflammation of the lining of the intestines.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease search for term

Synonyms: COPD

Canine Bronchitis,Canine bronchitis is inflammation of one or more of the upper airways in the lungs.

Chronic Renal Failure search for term

Synonyms: CRF, Kidney Failure, Chronic Renal Failure

Chronic kidney failure happens when the kidneys slowly, over time, lose their ability to filter waste products from the blood.

Collapsed Trachea search for term

A collapsed trachea is when breathing is difficult to trauma to the windpipe or cartiledge weakness, producing a honking cough.

Concussions search for term

Synonyms: Head trauma

Concussions are traumatic brain injuries that happen when the brain is shaken hard enough to bounce against the skull.
Congenital Deafness search for term

Synonyms: Deaf

When your pet is born without the ability to hear, the condition is referred to as congenital deafness.

Congestive Heart Failure search for term

Synonyms: CHV

CHF is a disease that causes a chronic decreased ability for the heart to pump blood.

Contact Irritant Dermatitis search for term

Synonyms: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Contact Allergy

When your pet's skin becomes inflamed and irritated by something they have come into contact with, the condition is referred to as contact irritant dermatitis, which often responds to antihistamine treatment.

Contusions search for term

Contusions are bruises on the brain, leading to swelling and bleeding in the brain, and result from head trauma.

Cruciate Ligament Rupture search for term

Synonyms: CL, Football Knee

Your pet can injure/tear one of the cruciate ligament in the knee joint.

Cryptorchidism search for term

Synonyms: Ridgling

Cryptorchidism is when one or both testicles doesn't drop into the proper position in the scrotum or bag of skin located at the base of the penis.

Cystitis search for term

Cystitis is inflammation of the bladder.

Cystoisospora search for term

Synonyms: Coccidia, Coccidiosis

Coccidia are a subclass of microscopic, spore-forming, parasites that live in the cells.

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D

Degenerative Joint Disease search for term

Synonyms: Osteoarthritis, DJD, Degenerative Arthritis

Degenerative joint disease is a type of arthritis caused by inflammation, breakdown, and the eventual loss of the cartiledge of the joints.

Dermatomycosis search for term

Synonyms: Ringworm

Ringworm is a fungal infection (not caused by a worm) of the outer layer of your pet's skin, leading to a red, crusty, circular rash.

Dermodicosis search for term

Synonyms: Demodex Mange, Red Mange

Mange is a class of skin diseases caused by an overpopulation of demodex mites.

Diabetes search for term

Synonyms: Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to produce any or enough insulin, leading to a high blood sugar level.

Diarrhea search for term

Diarrhea, sometimes spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day. It often lasts for a few days and can result in dehydration due to fluid loss.

Dipylidiasis search for term

Synonyms: Tapeworm Infection

A tapeworm infection is the infestation of the digestive tract by a flatworm known as a tapeworm, contracted by fleas.

Dirofilariasis search for term

Synonyms: Heartworm Disease

Heartworm is a parasitic roundworm that lives in the heart or lungs of an infected animal and is spread through the bites of mosquitoes.

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E

Esophageal Foreign Body search for term

When your pet has ingested an undigestible object and it becomes lodged in the throat, your pet will be diagnosed with an esophageal foreign body, often leading to a surgery to remove it.

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F

Feline Bronchitis search for term

Feline bronchitis is inflammation of the small airways of the lungs.

Feline Calicivirus search for term

Synonyms: FCV

Feline calicivirus is a virus that causes oral disease, including ulcers, and upper respiratory disease in cats.

Feline Hepatic Lipidosis search for term

Synonyms: Fatty Liver Disease

Fatty liver disease occurs when lipids build up within the liver, often due to malnutrition or rapid weight loss, causing the liver to have to process large amounts of digested body fat.

Feline Immunodeficiency Virus search for term

Synonyms: Feline AIDS, FIV

Feline immunodeficiency virus, also known as feline HIV or AIDS, causes a severely compromised immune system and the development of serious infections and cancers. It is spread through bite wounds.

Feline Infectious Peritonitis search for term

Synonyms: FIP

FIP or feline infectious peritonitis is a primarily fatal disease that is caused by a mutation of the feline enteric coronavirus.

Feline Leukemia Virus search for term

Synonyms: FeLV, Feline Leukemia

Feline leukemia virus is a viral infection that causes a severely compromised immune system, severe anemia, and the development of serious infections and cancers. It is spread through bite wounds and saliva, but there is a vaccine to protect high-risk cats against it.

Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease search for term

Synonyms: FLUTD

Feline lower urinary tract disease is a broad term used to indicate conditions that affect the bladder or urethra in cats.

Feline Panleukopenia search for term

Synonyms: FP, Panleuk, Feline Parvo

Feline Panleukopenia is a highly contagious disease of the parvovirus family, often referred to as feline distemper. In young kittens, it can be fatal. There is a combination vaccine given to cats to protect against it.

Flea Bite Hypersensitiviy search for term

Synonyms: Flea Bite Allergies

Flea bite allergies are a common problem for many pets, leading to hair loss, excessive grooming, redness, sores, rashes, and even bleeding skin from excessive scratching.

Follicular search for term

Synonyms: Skin Cysts, Follular Cyst , Sebaceous, Dermoid

A follicular cyst occurs when tiny glands in the skin at the site of hair follicles become filled with fluid.

Food Hypersensitivity search for term

Synonyms: Food Allergies

Food allergies are the sensitivity to certain food ingredients, often leading to hair loss, excessive grooming, indigestion, diarrhea, vomiting, and even respiratory issues.

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G

Gastric Dilation/Volvulus search for term

Synonyms: GPV, Bloat

Bloat occurs when the stomach becomes dilated and may even become twisted.

Giardiasis search for term

Synonyms: Giardia

Giardia is an intestinal infection caused by a microscopic waterborne parasite.

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H

Hemobartonellosis search for term

Synonyms: Hemobart, Feline Infectious Anemia

Hemobartonella is the infection of red blood cells by a form of bacteria called a mycoplasm that is often transmitted by fleas and ticks and leads to severe anemia.

Hernia search for term

Synonyms: Scrotal Hernia

A scrotal hernia develops when the intestines protrude into the scrotal area (the bag of skin located at the base of the penis).

Hip Dysplasia search for term

Synonyms: HD, Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is an abnormal or malformed hip joint resulting in degeration/arthritis in the hip.
Hookworm Infection,Ancylostoma/Braziliense Infectin,Hookworm infections are caused by a roundworm infection that live in the small intestine or even the lungs.
Hyperadrenocorticism search for term

Synonyms: Cushing's Syndrome

Cushing's disease is an overproduction of cortisol from a malfunction or tumor in the adrenal or pituitary glands.

Hyperthyroidism search for term

Synonyms: Hyper Thyroid

Hyperthyroidism causes thyroid hormone levels to be elevated, leading to heart damage, increased blood pressure, and weight loss.

Hypothyroidism search for term

Synonyms: Hypo Thyroid

Hypothyroidism causes thyroid hormone levels in the body to be greatly reduced.

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I

Infectious Canine Hepatitis search for term

Synonyms: ICH

Infectious canine hepatitis is a sudden-onset or acute viral infection that affects the liver.

Infectious Tracheobronchitis search for term

Synonyms: Kennel Cough

Kennel cough (also known as infectious tracheobronchitis) is an upper respiratory infection caused by bacteria or a virus. There is a vaccine to prevent against the disease.

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L

Lateral Patellar Luxation search for term

Synonyms: Genu Valgum, Luxating Patella, LLP

When your pet's knee cap has abnormal movement or dislocates toward the outside of the knee, the condition is referred to as lateral patellar luxation.

Lyme Disease search for term

Synonyms: Lyme, Lymes

Lyme disease is an infection caused by a bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi that is transmitted through tick bites and causes rashes and joint pain or inflammation.

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M

Malocclusions search for term

Synonyms: Orthodontic Disease

A malocclusion is a misalignment of two adjoining teeth or of teeth on upper and lower jaws when they approach each other as the jaws close.

Megacolon search for term

Megacolon is the chronic, persistent increase in the diameter of the colon, creating stool backup and difficulty passing stools.

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N

Nictitating Membrane Prolapse search for term

Synonyms: Cherry Eye

Cherry eye is a protrusion of the small gland of the third eyelid, appearing as a small reddish mass in the inner corner of your pet's eye.

Nystagmus search for term

Nystagmus is the involuntary, rapid side to side movement of the eyes.

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O

Otitis Externa search for term

Synonyms: Outer Ear Infection

Outer ear infections are bacterial, fungal, viral, or yeast infections that occur in the canal that connects the opening of the ear to the ear drum.

Otitis Interna search for term

Synonyms: Inner ear infection

Inner ear infections are bacterial, fungal, viral, or yeast infections that occur in the inner-most part of the ear that is responsible for hearing and balance.

Otitis Media search for term

Synonyms: Ear Infection, Middle Ear Infection

Middle ear infections are bacterial, fungal, viral, or yeast infections that occur in the air-filled space behind the ear drum.

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P

Pancreatitis search for term

Pancreatitis occurs when your pet's pancreas becomes inflammed, whether rapid in onset or gradually over time.

Patellar Luxation search for term

Synonyms: Luxating Patella, MLP

When your pet's knee cap has abnormal movement or dislocates toward the middle of the knee, the condition is referred to as medial patellar luxation.

Perineal Hernia search for term

A perineal hernia occurs in the area between the rectum/anus and the scrotum or vaginal area, and can contain intestines, bladder, and other internal organs.

Periodontal Disease search for term

Synonyms: Gum Disease

Periodontal or gum disease occurs when the gums become red, inflamed, painful, and may even bleed.

Pulminary Hypertension search for term

Synonyms: Increased lung blood pressure

Type of High Blood Pressure that affects the lungs and can lead to fainting, weakness, dizziness, and shortness of breath.

Pyometra search for term

Synonyms: Uterine Infection

Pyometra is an infection of the uterus that is life-threatening.

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R

Rabies search for term

Rabies is a viral disease that causes acute inflammation of the brain and is spread through saliva of infected animals. There is a vaccine to prevent against the disease.

Rectal Prolapse search for term

A rectal prolapse is when internal rectal tissue becomes partially extended through the anus, often the result of straining to defecate.

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever search for term

Synonyms: RMSF

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever is a bacterial infection transmitted by a tick that can lead to serious damage to the heart and kidneys.

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S

Sarcoptes Scabiei search for term

Synonyms: Scabies, Sarcoptic Mange

Scabies is a contagious skin disease caused by a skin mite that leads to severe itchiness, hair loss, and a pimple-like rash.

Scrotal Dermatitis search for term

When the scrotum or bag of skin that holds the testicles at the base of the penis becomes irritated and inflamed, the condition is described as scrotal dermatitis.

Stomatitis/Gingivitis search for term

Synonyms: Stomatitis, Gingivitis

Severe chronic inflammation of the gums is referred to as stomatitis or gingivitis.

Stroke search for term

Synonyms: Cerebral Vascular Accident

A stroke is damage to the brain caused by a lack of blood flow to the brain, often caused by blood clots, blocked arteries, or blood vessels that ruptured.

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T

Toxoplasmosis search for term

Synonyms: Toxo

Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii, a member of the Coccidia class of parasites.

Toxoscara Infection search for term

Synonyms: Roundworm Infection

Roundworms are parasites also known as nematodes that live in the intestines.

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U

Urinary Tract Infection search for term

Synonyms: UTI

Urinary tract infections are infections in any part of your pet's urinary system, including the bladder, kidneys, and urethra.

Uveitis search for term

Uveitis is inflammation of the pigmented layer that lies between the inner retina and the outer schlera and cornea of the eye.

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W

Whipworm Infection search for term

Synonyms: Trichuris Vulpis Infection

A whipworm infection is a round worm that infects the large intestine.
"ARF, Kidney Failure ",Acute Renal Failure,Acute kidney failure is when the kidneys suddenly stop filtering waste products from the blood.

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