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Garlic

Severity scale:

Garlic belongs to the Allium family. It is often used to add flavor to many dishes, but should never be given to dogs or cats. Cats and Japanese breeds of dogs (i.e. the Akita) are the most sensitive, but all of our furry friends are potentially at risk for garlic toxicity. Garlic causes red blood cells to be broken down, leading to anemia, which can become quite severe and even life-threatening. Because there are fewer red blood cells present, there is less oxygen in the body, causing breathing problems and damage to different organs. Compounds in the garlic can also cause issues with blood clotting and damage to the mouth, intestines, and stomach, in addition to lowering blood pressure. Garlic comes in many forms and although all forms are considered toxic, it is most potent either after being cooked or in powdered form. The cooked form of garlic can be especally tempting to our furry friends due to the added flavor from the cooking process itself. Unfortunately, clinical signs may not be noted until a few days after the garlic is eaten.

Toxic to: 
Dogs and Cats
All
Symptoms: 
Vomiting, diarrhea, drooling, pale gums, weakness, walking drunk, and increased respiratory rate.
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